What Is Under Subscription?

Are you curious to know what is under subscription? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about under subscription in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is under subscription?

In the realm of finance and investments, the term “under subscription” refers to a situation where the demand for a particular financial offering, such as shares or bonds, falls short of the available supply. It indicates a lack of interest or enthusiasm from investors to subscribe to the offered securities. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of under subscription, its causes, implications, and how it affects the parties involved.

What Is Under Subscription?

Under subscription occurs when the number of securities or shares available for purchase exceeds the demand from investors. It is a situation where the offering does not receive enough subscriptions to meet the intended allocation or to fully subscribe to the available securities. In simple terms, it means that the market interest in the offering is lower than anticipated or required.

Causes Of Under Subscription:

  1. Overpricing: If the offering is priced too high compared to its perceived value or market conditions, investors may be hesitant to subscribe. Overvalued offerings may deter potential investors, leading to under subscription.
  2. Market Conditions: Under subscription can be influenced by broader market trends and conditions. If the market sentiment is bearish, investors may be reluctant to participate in new offerings, resulting in lower demand.
  3. Lack of Investor Confidence: Investor confidence plays a significant role in the success of an offering. Economic uncertainty, political instability, or concerns about the company’s prospects can erode investor confidence, leading to under subscription.

Implications Of Under Subscription:

  1. Unsold Securities: Under subscription means that a portion of the offered securities remains unsold. This can result in financial losses for the issuer, as they may have expected to raise a certain amount of capital from the offering.
  2. Repricing or Cancellation: In some cases, under subscription may lead to repricing or cancellation of the offering. The issuer may choose to reduce the price or alter the terms of the offering to attract more investors. In extreme cases, they may cancel the offering altogether if the level of under subscription is significant.
  3. Impact on Issuer’s Reputation: Under subscription can have a negative impact on the issuer’s reputation. It may signal to the market that there is limited interest in the company or its offerings, potentially affecting future fundraising efforts.
  4. Limited Capital Raised: Under subscription means that the issuer fails to raise the expected capital from the offering. This can impact the company’s growth plans, capital expenditure, or ability to execute strategic initiatives.


Under subscription is a situation where the demand for a financial offering falls short of the available supply. It highlights a lack of investor interest or enthusiasm in subscribing to the offered securities. Factors such as overpricing, market conditions, and investor confidence can contribute to under subscription. Its implications include unsold securities, potential repricing or cancellation of the offering, and the impact on the issuer’s reputation and capital-raising efforts. Understanding under subscription is important for both investors and issuers as it sheds light on market dynamics, investor sentiment, and the challenges involved in successfully launching financial offerings.


What Is Under Subscription With Example?

Under Subscription is referred to as the situation where the number of shares applied by the public is less then the shares that are issued by the company. Companies that have just started or lack a good reputation will experience under-subscription.

What Is The Difference Between Over And Under Subscription?

Over subscription refers to the situation where a company has sold more shares than it has available to issue. Under subscription refers to the opposite situation where a company has issued more shares than it has sold.

What Is Undersubscription In Ipo?

An undersubscribed IPO usually indicates an underwhelming demand for a company’s public listing. This can be due to several reasons, like lack of knowledge, lack of demand, or overpriced shares. You can use the opportunity and buy shares at a lower price.

What Is An Example Of Over Subscription?

Here, the demand exceeds the total number of shares issued by the IPO’ing company. The degree of oversubscription is shown as a multiple, such as “ABC IPO oversubscribed two times.” A two-times multiple means there is effectively twice as much demand for shares as there are available in the scheduled issue.


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