What Is Reserved Constituency?

Are you curious to know what is reserved constituency? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about reserved constituency in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is reserved constituency?

In the realm of politics and electoral systems, the concept of reserved constituencies is a crucial one, especially in countries that value diversity and aim to ensure fair representation for all their citizens. Reserved constituencies play a pivotal role in promoting inclusivity and addressing historical disparities in political participation. In this blog, we will explore what a reserved constituency is, its purpose, and its significance in the realm of democratic governance.

What Is Reserved Constituency?

A reserved constituency, often referred to as a reserved seat or constituency, is a specific electoral area or district where candidates from certain demographic groups or communities are given preference or reservation in the electoral process. The reservation typically applies to marginalized or underrepresented communities based on factors such as caste, ethnicity, gender, or religion.

Key Characteristics Of Reserved Constituencies:

  1. Targeted Representation: Reserved constituencies aim to ensure that historically marginalized or disadvantaged groups have a voice in the political decision-making process. These groups may include scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, women, or other minority communities.
  2. Reservation Criteria: The criteria for reservation can vary from country to country and may include caste-based reservation, tribal reservation, gender-based reservation, or other factors identified as requiring special attention.
  3. Legislative Seats: Reserved constituencies are most commonly associated with legislative bodies, such as parliaments or assemblies. A certain number of seats within the legislative body are set aside for candidates from the reserved category.

Purpose And Significance Of Reserved Constituencies

  1. Inclusivity: Reserved constituencies are designed to promote inclusivity in the political sphere by ensuring that historically marginalized and underrepresented communities have the opportunity to participate in the democratic process.
  2. Empowerment: These constituencies empower marginalized groups by providing them with a platform to have their voices heard, influence policy decisions, and advocate for their rights and interests.
  3. Social Justice: Reserved constituencies contribute to social justice by addressing historical disparities and discrimination that may have limited the political representation of certain communities.
  4. Diverse Perspectives: By ensuring that diverse groups are represented in the legislative body, reserved constituencies help bring a variety of perspectives and experiences to the decision-making process.
  5. Progressive Change: Reserved constituencies can lead to progressive changes in policies and legislation that benefit marginalized groups, as representatives from these communities advocate for their specific needs and concerns.

Examples Of Reserved Constituencies:

  1. India: India’s political system has reserved seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in both the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and state legislative assemblies. Additionally, women in India have reserved seats in panchayats (local governing bodies) to promote gender inclusivity.
  2. Nepal: Nepal’s constitution includes provisions for reservation of seats in the federal parliament and provincial assemblies for various marginalized groups, including women, indigenous peoples, and Madhesi communities.
  3. Pakistan: Pakistan reserves seats for women and non-Muslim minorities in its national and provincial assemblies to ensure their representation in the political process.


Reserved constituencies are a vital component of democratic systems that prioritize inclusivity and social justice. By reserving seats for historically marginalized groups, countries can address historical disparities and ensure that all citizens have a fair chance to participate in the democratic process and influence policy decisions. While the specifics of reserved constituencies may vary from one country to another, their common goal is to create a more representative and inclusive political landscape that reflects the diversity and pluralism of society.


What Are Reserved Constituencies Class 10?

The Reserved Constituency is defined as the constituency reserving seats for a specific social group or community such as SC and ST on the basis of the population. It is required in order to accurately represent the oppressed social groups.

Why Are Constituencies Reserved?

In India, we have reserved some constituencies for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to ensure that members from these communities are elected to legislatures.

What Is Reserved Constituencies Class 9 Cbse?

Reserved Constituencies are the constituencies in which people only belonging to the scheduled tribes and scheduled castes who can contest the election.

What Is Reservation Class 10 Civics?

(i) A certain percentage of seats kept exclusively by the government in various government jobs and educational institutions for SCs, STs and OBCs is called a reservation. (ii) In 1953 , the Kaka Kalelkar Commission classified 2 , 399 castes in India as ‘backward’.

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